Build and Run Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in India

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The automotive industry is moving towards a more low-carbon ecosystem, with the advent and advancement of the electric vehicle sector. To ensure the sustainability of the evolution of the mobility sector, India has extended its support for the global [email protected] campaign, which aims to have at least 30% of new vehicle sales be electric by 2030 .

Major Indian states (including Gujarat and Maharashtra) are investing in incentives and subsidies for electric vehicles to ensure they take a step towards zero emissions in the state as a future effort .

The prerequisite for a smooth transition from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to electric vehicles requires widespread electric vehicle charging infrastructure. However, it is no secret that the infrastructure in India barely supports individual EV vehicles and fleets.

Due to the lack of electric vehicle charging infrastructure in India, there is a need to create and customize a unique ecosystem that meets local requirements and supports individual electric vehicle and fleet owners across all different types of market segments. vehicles. There needs to be a contextual approach to effectively building and implementing an EV charging infrastructure to fully address the anxiety of EV owners in managing their daily commute.

Thanks to a partnership between the government and private actors, the construction of such infrastructures is now an achievable reality.

Implementing Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: Building Blocks

There were more than 927 public charging stations set up by PSUs and Discoms alone as of mid-2020 according to the Central Electricity Authority. Although several private players have also started to deploy EV charging stations since then, the situation remains that EV charging infrastructure will need to evolve significantly to provide the confidence and network breadth to future vehicle owners. electrical.

Over the period 2019-2025, the electric vehicle infrastructure market is expected to grow at a compound growth rate of over 40%. With a demand-driven market, the immediate task at hand is to have enough information to properly understand EV charging infrastructure requirements while taking a distributed approach to infrastructure changes. To understand the steps in implementing an EV charging infrastructure, consider some of the aspects outlined below:

Understand the prerequisites

Understanding the need to build EV charging infrastructure is the initial premise when mapping the road for a suitable EV ecosystem. For example, it is crucial to have a clear idea of ​​the types of electric vehicles that circulate on Indian roads; light-duty electric vehicles which include two-wheelers and three-wheelers have similar charging requirements and constitute a significant share of vehicles on Indian roads. Therefore, a parking space with distributed public charging infrastructure will be suitable for electric vehicles traveling on Indian roads. The idea is to have small but multiple parking spaces to build an efficient network all over the city. When constructing such a low-voltage electricity distribution network, the design will be made highly scalable and, therefore, largely beneficial to the objective cause of making electric vehicle charging easily accessible.

Analyze the cost

The cost of building an EV charging infrastructure largely depends on the types of chargers users would need. Depending on the type of charger installed – Bharat AC001 charging points of CCS chargers, there could be other costs including civil works, electrical connections, EVSE management software and infrastructure, etc.

Bharat AC001 or equivalent charging points are among the most cost effective at under Rs 10,000, larger CCS and/or DC fast chargers could have budgets ranging from Rs 1 lakh to 40 lakh. Needless to say, the performance of different chargers varies depending on vehicle type, power capacity, and charging speed. The cost-benefit plan must be strictly followed to ensure that the projection manifests in reality.

Integrated planning and infrastructure configuration requirement

Integrated planning is an eligible aspect of implementing an EV charging infrastructure. Assessing EV charging demand, based on the projected number of EVs on the road, helps set the target. On the other hand, public charging infrastructure planning, driven by demand and the need for localized access, helps to identify the spatial distribution of charging points over an area. This exercise effectively creates a model at the city level and brings it to the neighborhood level.

The supply of electricity to the charging infrastructure must also be planned with the same importance. In many cases, DISCOMS can help streamline the process of providing electrical connections for EV charging stations. Additional regulatory measures such as smart charging methods for energy management, EV pricing, and time-of-day pricing measures can minimize EV charging load from the power grid.

Business revenue model

As the EV market is booming in India and is expected to grow rapidly over the next few years, several stakeholders are planning to invest in EV charging infrastructure, expecting the configuration to s intensifies. Creating a streamlined permitting and approval process for implementation is essential to ensure that the commercial revenue model in electric vehicle charging infrastructure aims to maximize profits through customer satisfaction.

Conclusion

Thanks to the collaborative efforts of private companies and government, the desired change in electric vehicle charging infrastructure is no longer an easy task. Instead, by following the steps above, sustainable infrastructure is closer and closer to being an objective reality than it could be understood even a few years ago.

(Prashant Chandrasekaran is Co-Founder and COO, ValetEZ. Opinions are personal)

Posted: Saturday April 23rd 2022, 7:23 PM IST

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